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In ancient times, birthstones were each thought to come with unique powers including good luck, health and prosperity. There was one gemstone corresponding to each month of the year. Today, birthstones are still highly prized as gifts with significant meaning, since it shows that the gift giver has put thought into a personalized trinket. Traditionally each month is associated with one birthstone, but you will find some months have multiple birthstones. The reason for this is more grounded in economics – to allow more affordable options in addition to the traditional more expensive stones. The final attempt to standardize the birthstone system came in October 2002 when December was given a third birthstone option.
So, what are the birthstones for each month?

Garnet, January’s birthstone, is mined in every color except blue. The most common garnet featured in birthstone jewelry is a dark, deep red that is almost brown. The Garnet is associated with faith, love and constancy and due to such properties is considered a great gift to symbolize friendship and trust.

Purple Amethyst, the birthstone of February, is variety of quartz that shines a beautiful purple color. This gemstone is said to represent peace, serenity, and royalty. Ancient Greeks were known to wear the amethyst to protect themselves from the effects of drunkenness.

The name Aquamarine, the March birthstone, comes from the Latin phrase, “water of the sea” due to its mesmerizing blue­green color. Its colors range from pale to deep blue and is said to be mermaid treasure and was thought to have the powers to keep sailors safe. The aquamarine gemstone is said to represent courage, health and confidence.

The diamond, the birthstone of April, is the most coveted gemstone. A diamond is the hardest natural substance and is the only gemstone prized for its complete lack of color. While the classic white diamond is most often seen, diamonds can be mined in many colors; yellow and brown being the most common. The rarest and most prized colored diamond is the brilliant blue diamond. The April birthstone, the diamond, due to its brilliance and fire has become the symbol of love.

Emerald, the May birthstone, is a rich green color that is reminiscent of mother nature and springtime. The most valued Emeralds are mined in Colombia and there deep green color that reflects the jungles in which they are found. Emeralds have become a symbol of rebirth and love.

The two birthstones of June are Pearl and Alexandrite. The Alexandrite, a spectacular and cherished gemstone, is known as the color change gem as it changes color based on the lighting. Pearls are extremely popular due to its elegant natural beauty. Pearls are formed when an irritant, such as a piece of sand, enters an oyster. The oyster coats the piece of sand over and over to form a pearl and give the pearl its iridescence shimmer.

The ruby, the birthstone of July, is a majestic red gemstone that is known as the king of gems. Rubies represent health, wisdom and courage. It was once believed that wearing a Ruby gemstone brought good fortune to its owner. The finest rubies are mined in Burma and are the second hardest gemstone, after diamonds.

Peridot, the birthstone of August, is a dazzling lime green color. The peridot is one of only a few gemstones that exists in only one to bring prosperity, fertility and healing.

Sapphire, the birthstone of September, is most popular in its varying majestic blue colors. Its name is derived from sappheiros the Greek word for blue. However the, the gemstone sapphire can be found in every color. The Sapphire has come to represent loyalty and trust.

Tourmaline and Opal are the two birthstones of October. Tourmaline is available in a rainbow of beautiful colors but most often comes in a pretty pink. Opal gemstones are truly unique because each opal sparkles with a one of a kind color combination. Each opal gem is individual and unique like no other.


November is assigned two unique birthstones, Citrine and Yellow Topaz. Citrine is from the French word citron meaning lemon, named appropriately for its brilliant yellow color. The Citrine is believed to be a healing gemstone and was once believed to be a gift from the sun. November’s alternative birthstone, Topaz, is most desired in its orange Imperial Topaz color. However topaz is mined in a variety of rich colors like blue, pink, and yellow.

December has claim to three birthstones, Zircon, Tanzanite and Turquoise. All three of these precious gemstones shine in different shades of brilliant blues. Their blue tones make these gems the perfect birthstones for the cold wintry month of December.